Impacts of FGM obstetrically: These procedures are performed by a traditional circumciser using a blade or razor, with or without anaesthesia. Most pediatric gynecologists stress the importance of normal external genitalia in young children. If you have expertise or information which could help, please contact us. Schools warned over FGM risk to girls during summer holidays. Different regions and communities practice various forms of mutilation. An important mechanism in shifting attitudes has been improved education and the engagement of women in discussing the practice, creating societal debate over its harms and benefits.
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As part of this study, they noted a number of ethical issues in relation to this surgery, including that: It's a way of controlling female sexuality. More information on female genital mutilation here: It remains true that the clitoris is an integral part of female sexuality, and whether it is small or large, its removal has devastating lifetime consequences for the individual. It has not been possible to determine whether mutilation originated in one area and from there spread to other areas or whether it originated independently in various places. The text indicates that if any of the preconditions are not fulfilled, aesthetic genital surgery should not take place.
WHO | Classification of female genital mutilation
Cultural influence can change the perception of pleasure, as well as social acceptance. The recent resolution of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe names several procedures that violate the physical integrity of children, among them Female Genital Mutilation and early childhood interventions of intersex children. Similarly, ex-pat groups may adopt it as a way of indicating difference from their host community. No parent — and no doctor- should ever make this decision for any girl. According to the World Health Organization, there are four types of female genital mutilation , the first one being: Safe birth with Misoprostol Questions and Answers Sexual health and abortion services worldwide Safe Abortion Hotlines Warning, fake abortion pills for sale online!! Audio files safe abortion hotlines Safe abortion:
Cultural traditions and social pressures can affect as well the unexcised girl. SlimVirgin The conditions thought to merit clitoridectomy come from the publications of Isaac Baker Brown, a respectable member of the London medical establishment. When we turn to the medicalization of women's sexuality we find a very different and well documented history e. This assumption is based upon the fact that the practice of female genital mutilation appears to have had varying historical origins depending when people came into contact with each other cf. Text added by an activist opposing these kinds of surgeries.